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SickleCellAnemia

Sickle Cell Anemia is an inherited form of anemia characterized by sticky, sickle shaped red blood cells. There is still no cure for most affected individuals. Both parents must carry the mutated gene in order to pass it on to their child. In the US, the disease is primarily seen in the African-American community. It wasn't until 1910 that it was "discovered" and given a name.

SymptomsEdit

  • anemia
  • delayed growth
  • episodes of pain
  • frequent infections
  • swelling in hands and feet that's painful
  • vision problems

Inside the bodyEdit

  • the stickly, sickle shaped cells stick together and slow or block blood flow 
  • the sickle cells easily break and die, leaving a lack red blood cells

ComplicationsEdit

  • acute chest syndrome
  • blindness
  • gallstones
  • leg ulcers
  • organ damage (spleen and kidneys with Anthony)
  • pulmonary hypertension
  • stroke

TreatmentEdit

at the time, doctors could only treat the symptoms

Treatment options nowEdit

  • bone marrow/stem cell transplant - only potential cure now
  • medications
  • blood transfusions

Characters with the DiseaseEdit

SourcesEdit